Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
SCOLA, Rosana Herminia et al. Myotonia congenita and myoadenylate deaminase deficiency: case report. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.61, n.2A, pp. 262-264. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2003000200019.
Approximately 1-2% of the population has a deficiency of the enzyme myoadenylate deaminase. Early reports suggested that patients with myoadenylate deaminase deficiency had various forms of myalgia, and exercise intolerance. However, a deficiency of the enzyme has been described in many conditions, including myopathies, neuropathies, and motor neuron disease. We report a patient with clinical diagnosis of myotonia congenita and absent myoadenylate deaminase reaction on the muscle biopsy. This is the first description of myoadenilate deaminase deficiency with myotonia congenita. Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency is the most common enzymatic deficit of muscle, and the association with other neuromuscular diseases is coincidental.
Keywords : myotonia congenita; myoadenilate deaminase; muscle biopsy.