Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
FONSECA, Luiz Fernando et al. Early-onset acute transverse myelitis following hepatitis B vaccination and respiratory infection: case report. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.61, n.2A, pp. 265-268. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2003000200020.
Acute transverse myelitis is an acute inflammatory process of the spinal cord and it is a rare clinical syndrome in childhood. In this paper, we report a case of 3 years-old boy who developed acute onset tetraparesia following a viral respiratory infecction and hepatitis B vaccination. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord disclosed signal-intensity abnormalities from C4 to C3. A diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis was made and the patient was treated with IV methylprednisolone and IV immunoglobulin. The child had a fair outcome despite of the very acute course of the disease and the presence of a cervical sensory level which usually harbor a poor prognosis.
Keywords : acute transverse myelitis; childhood; hepatitis B vaccination; respiratory infection.