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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
GUSMAO, Sebastião; SILVEIRA, Roberto Leal and ARANTES, Aluízio. Landmarks to the cranial approaches. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.61, n.2A, pp. 305-308. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2003000200030.
The knowledge of the craniotopography allows the delimitation of the cranial approaches. In this study the landmarks, defined in relation to the craniometric points and used in the different cranial approaches, were systematized. Twenty two landmarks are described: the first twelve are in relation to the skull base and the remainder are in relation to the skull vertex.
Keywords : craniotopography; neurosurgical approaches.