Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
CARVALHO, Luciane Bizari Coin de et al. Personality features ina sample of psychophysiological insomnia patients. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.61, n.3A, pp. 588-590. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2003000400011.
The personality is the way people express themselves inside the environment they live. Sleep, quality or quantity, is a way of this physical and psychological expression of well being. Psychological factors, associated with psychophysiological insomnia (PPI) suggest an exaggerated perception of the difficulties to fall asleep. Worries, anxiety and the fear of not sleeping produce a bad sleep quality or sleep misperception. This study aims to identify personality features associated with PPI throughout Rorschach test (RT). METHOD: We studied 32 patients with PPI (22 women), between 29 and 75 years old. We excluded patients with other sleeping or psychiatric disorders. We analysed the data from PPI patients submitted to the RT and we compared our results with the standard data. RESULTS: We noticed a significant increase in global answers and a significant decrease in detailed answers; a trend of a low number of answers; great number of shape and animal answers, especially for women. CONCLUSION: The features of the PPI patient's personality were daily problems insecure and the incapability to avoid or remove them from their thought, making bedtime a time for worries to appear again and motivate insomnia.
Keywords : psychophysiological insomnia; cognitive behavioral therapy; Rorschach test; personality.