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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
FURKIM, Ana Maria; BEHLAU, Mara Suzana and WECKX, Luc Louis Maurice. Clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluation of deglutition in children with tetraparetic spastic cerebral palsy. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.61, n.3A, pp. 611-616. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2003000400016.
Cerebral palsy is a condition that may be associated with swallowing disorders, that is, oropharingeal dysphagia. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the swallowing processes of 32 children with this condition, by clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluation, with special focus on tracheal aspiration detectability. Results show an important compromise of oral phase. The most important findings during the pharyngeal phase were velopharingeal incompetence and residuals on the pharyngeal recesses. Aspiration was more common with liquids, before and after deglutition. On clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluation, cervical hyperextension was the commonest postural abnormality. Videofluoroscopy confirmed the occurrence of aspiration on most of the cases that presented suggestive signs of aspiration during clinical evaluation. We conclude that clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluations are complementary on deglutition evaluation and together may point to the most specific rehabilitation procedure.
Keywords : cerebral palsy; videofluoroscopy; deglutition; disorders.