Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
TEDRUS, Glória Maria A.S.; FONSECA, Lineu Corrêa and NOGUEIRA JR., Elizardo. Basal ganglia calcification on computed tomography: clinical characteristics in 25 patients. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.64, n.1, pp. 104-107. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2006000100021.
Twenty-five patients presenting basal ganglia calcification were assessed. This finding comprised 0.68% of all skull CT scan carried out during the period. Two patients were neurologically asymptomatic and 23 presented a variety neurological disorders - headache (7 patients), stroke (5 patients), extrapyramidal syndromes (2 patients), tumor (2 patients), epilepsy (1 patient), mental retardation (1 patient), dementia (1 patient), cranial trauma (1 patient), other neurological conditions (3 patients) - or were asymptomatic from the neurological point of view (2 patients). Findings in the CT scan other than the basal ganglia calcification were observed in 15 (60%) patients. There was a clinical-CT scan correlation in these cases but not in those in which the basal ganglia calcification was an isolated finding. This study highlights the fact that basal ganglia calcification is often a nonspecific finding on CT scan and that it may not be possible to establish a clinical-pathological correlation between them.
Keywords : computed tomography; intracranial calcification; basal ganglia.