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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227


D'AVILA, Arlindo Alfredo Silveira  and  SCHNEIDER, Felipe Luís. Microsurgical anatomy of the human basal anterior perforated substance. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.64, n.2a, pp.249-258. ISSN 0004-282X.

The anterior perforated substance (APS) is a landmark in the basal forebrain. It has a basal face located above the carotid bifurcation in the subarachnoid space, and an interhemispheric one. It is the site of passage of the arteries to the caudate nucleus, putamen, internal capsule, adjacent areas of the globus pallidus and thalamus. Fifty hemispheres from twenty-five adult cadavers were obtained. The arteries were perfused with colored latex, Batson’s resin and gelatin colored with carmine. Using a surgical microscope we have determined the origin, local and number of origin from the parent vessel. The sites of penetration in the mediolateral and anteroposterior direction were also recorded. The anterior communicating artery contribution to the basal APS was reviewed. Significant vascular variations and anastomoses were encountered mainly involving middle cerebral and anterior choroidal arteries. The precise understanding of these vessels has surgical and clinical implications in the management of vascular and tumoral maladies related to the anterior perforated substance.

Keywords : microsurgical anatomy; human anterior perforated substance; microneurosurgery; cerebrovascular diseases.

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