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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

FELICIO, André Carvalho et al. Spontaneous artery dissection in a patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.64, n.2a, pp.306-308. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2006000200025.

BACKGROUND: The relationship between human immunodeficiency virus infection and stroke may be attributed in some cases to an underlying vasculopathy such as in spontaneous cervical arteries dissections. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an HIV-infected patient who developed a Wallemberg's syndrome due to a vertebral artery dissection. Screening laboratory exams showed hyperhomocysteinemia and also high C-reactive protein plasma levels. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case describing the association between arterial dissection (AD) and HIV-infection. We suggest that AD should also be remembered as a possible mechanism of ischemic stroke in HIV-infected patients.

Keywords : HIV; stroke; vertebral artery dissection.

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