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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
On-line version ISSN 1678-4227
MELO, José Roberto Tude; SANTANA, Diana Lara Pinto de; PEREIRA, Júlio Leonardo Barbosa and RIBEIRO, Tiago Freire. Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents at Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.64, n.4, pp.994-996. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2006000600020.
OBJECTIVE: To verify the frequency of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the people between 0 and 19 years of age, in accordance to gender, age and cause of trauma. METHOD: Descriptive study made through a period of a year, in all TBI victims, aged until 19 years admitted in a reference trauma center. RESULTS: The sample had a total of 390 patients; 280 (71.8%) were boys. The main age of the victims was between 10 to 19 years (adolescents) with 177 patients (45.4%). The most common cause of trauma was height falls (34.4%). According to the Glasgow Coma Scale, 89% had suffered mild TBI. CONCLUSION: The main group of victims was the adolescents; the most important cause of TBI was height fall, with masculine predominance and mild trauma.
Keywords : traumatic brain injury; children; adolescents; epidemiology.