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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227


PUCCIONI-SOHLER, Marzia  and  BRANDAO, Carlos Otávio. Factors associated to the positive cerebrospinal fuid culture in the tuberculous meningitis. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.65, n.1, pp.48-53. ISSN 0004-282X.

Central nervous system involvement is the most common neurological complication in the course of tuberculosis. The lack of rapid and sensitive tests delays the early diagnosis. Here, we retrospectively reviewed the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination of 30 patients with tuberculous meningitis confirmed by bacteriological tests (culture and/or polymerase chain reaction). The purpose of the present study was to determine the CSF parameters associated to the positive CSF culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in tuberculous meningitis. We found higher frequency of positive CSF culture in patients infected with HIV as well in patients with high number of neutrophils and high protein content (characteristic in the early or acute-stage patients), which suggests that the positive culture found in these patients may be associated with the presence of high bacillary load in CSF occurring in these stages.

Keywords : tuberculous meningitis; cerebrospinal fluid; HIV; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; culture.

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