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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

LIMA, Márcia Maria Macêdo; PEREIRA, Carlos Umberto  and  SILVA, Angela Maria. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections in children and adolescents with hydrocephalus. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.65, n.1, pp.118-123. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2007000100024.

OBJECTIVE: To determine frequency, etiology, site and clinical and laboratory findings of ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) infections in children and adolescents with hydrocephalus managed in Hospital Governador João Alves Filho, Aracaju SE, Brazil. METHOD: A non-controlled prospective observational study comprising 50 patients that underwent VPS (58 procedures) from January/2003 to October/2004. RESULTS: Infection rate per procedure was 27.6%; surgical risk index (NNISS-CDC) 0 and 1-2 were 25.7% and 30.4% respectively; surgical site infection was the main complication with 50% of the cases. CONCLUSION: Infection rates per procedure, per patient, and per surgical risk index were high. No statistical differences were found related to the following: age, etiology of hydrocephalus, type of procedure, pre-operative length of stay, duration of procedure, antibiotic prophylaxis, previous central nervous system catheter, and surgical risk index.

Keywords : hydrocephalus; ventriculoperitoneal shunt; ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections.

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