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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

BENEDETI, Márcia Regina; FALAVIGNA, Dina Lúcia Morais; FALAVIGNA-GUILHERME, Ana Lúcia  and  ARAUJO, Silvana Marques de. Epidemiological and clinical profile of neurocysticercosis patients assisted by the Hospital Universitário Regional de Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.65, n.1, pp.124-129. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2007000100025.

The aim of this study was to drawn an epidemiological and clinical profile of the neurocysticercosis (NCC) patients assisted by Hospital Universitário Regional de Maringá. A transversal, retrospective and descriptive study based on 6,100 records of the Neurology, Neuropediatry, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry clinics was done from January/1998 to December/2004. Of these, 48 were selected with diagnosis of NCC. The prevalence was greater in female (p<0.001), 31-60 years (43.7%), and urban zone (93.8%). The number of NCC cases overcame those notified to the Epidemic Surveillance in 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002 and 2004. The epilepsy due to NCC (CI=1.77;16.07; p=0.0024) was generalized and of late onset in 91.7% patients, being associated to headache in 37.5% ones. There was need of hospitalization in 22.9% of the patients (medium time of 3.91±3.35 days). It was concluded that the epidemiological and clinical profile observed is peculiar, displaying some common points with other Brazilian studies.

Keywords : neurocysticercosis; headache; epilepsy.

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