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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

versão impressa ISSN 0004-282Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-4227

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Gisele R. de; GONDIM, Francisco de A.A.; HOGAN, R. Edward  e  ROLA, Francisco H.. Heart rate analysis differentiates dialeptic complex partial temporal lobe seizures from auras and non-epileptic seizures. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.65, n.3a, pp.565-568. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2007000400003.

The distinction of non-epileptic from epileptic events is difficult even for experienced neurologists. We retrospectively evaluated 59 dialeptic events from 27 patients admitted for video EEG monitoring to check whether heart rate (HR) analysis could help in differentiating dialeptic complex partial temporal lobe seizures (TLS) from dialeptic simple partial TLS, and non-epileptic dialeptic events. Baseline HR was increased in the simple partial TLS in comparison to complex partial TLS and non-epileptic groups (p<0.05). HR increase accompanied each individual dialeptic complex partial TLS (100% of the events, p<0.05) bur HR returned to baseline in the post-ictal phase. Ictal HR was not altered in the non-epileptic or simple partial TLS groups. Our findings suggest that ictal centrally mediated tachycardia is characteristic of dialeptic TLS (both tachycardia and bradycardia have been reported during TLS). This finding may be used as a criterion to distinguish dialeptic complex partial TLS from simple partial and non-epileptic dialeptic events.

Palavras-chave : heart rate; dialeptic seizures; temporal lobe epilepsy; epileptic auras.

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