Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4227
SCOLA, Rosana H. et al. A novel missense mutation pattern of the GCH1 gene in dopa-responsive dystonia. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.65, n.4b, pp. 1224-1227. ISSN 1678-4227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2007000700026.
Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) is an inherited metabolic disorder now classified as DYT5 with two different biochemical defects: autosomal dominant GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) deficiency or autosomal recessive tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency. We report the case of a 10-years-old girl with progressive generalized dystonia and gait disorder who presented dramatic response to levodopa. The phenylalanine to tyrosine ratio was significantly higher after phenylalanine loading test. This condition had two different heterozygous mutations in the GCH1 gene: the previously reported P23L mutation and a new Q182E mutation. The characteristics of the DRD and the molecular genetic findings are discussed.
Palavras-chave : dystonia; levodopa; dopa-responsive dystonia; guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase 1; GCH1 gene.