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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227
LIMA, Adriana; ROSSINI, Sueli and REIMAO, Rubens. Quality of life and sleep impairment in chronic cocaine dependents. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2008, vol.66, n.4, pp.814-816. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2008000600007.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life (QL) and sleep quality impairment of cocaine chronic dependents in use of cocaine. METHOD: 40 patients, chronic cocaine dependents were evaluated (37 M; 3 F), with mean age of 28.92 years, along with 40 controls paired for gender and age. The following instruments were used: a) the semi-structured clinical interview; b) the Brazil Economic Classification; c) the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; d) World Heath Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). RESULTS: The cocaine dependents showed QL impairment, with deficits in the physical, psychological and social relations domains. Impaired sleep quality was also observed in the cocaine dependents. However, the QL impairment was not directly due to sleep deficit. CONCLUSION: Chronic cocaine dependents showed impairment in QL and sleep impairment. However, for the cocaine dependent group, sleep impairment was not regarded as compromising QL probably because cocaine, rather than sleep, was the main factor negatively influencing QL.
Keywords : cocaine; sleep; sleep disorders; quality of life.