Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
REMESSO, Gabriela Camargo et al. Verbal language spontaneous recovery after ischemic stroke. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.67, n.3b, pp. 856-859. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2009000500014.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the spontaneous recovery of the verbal language on patients who have had an ischemic stroke. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of 513 medical records. We characterize referring aspects for data identification, language deficit, spontaneous recovery and speech therapy. RESULTS: The average age was 62.2 years old (SD= ±12.3), the average time of academic experience was 4.5 years (SD=±3.9), 245 (47.7%) patients presented language disturbance, 166 (54.0%) presented spontaneous recovery, from which 145 (47.2%) had expression deficit (p=0.001); 12 (3.9%) had comprehension deficit and 9 (2.9%) had both expression and comprehension deficit. Speech therapy was carried with 15 patients (4.8%) (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The verbal language spontaneous recovery occurred in most of the patients being taken care of at the stroke out clinic, and expression disturbance was the most identified alteration. As expected, the left hemisphere was associated with the deficit and smoking and pregressive stroke were the language alteration primary associated factors.
Keywords : aphasia; language; stroke; neuronal plasticity.