Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
NAVES, Thiago Guimarães and KOUYOUMDJIAN, João Aris. Carpal tunnel syndrome in the elderly: nerve conduction parameters. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2010, vol.68, n.1, pp. 87-92. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2010000100019.
OBJECTIVE: To establish nerve conduction parameters for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) electrodiagnosis in the elderly. METHOD: Thirty healthy subjects (65-86 years), 9 male and 21 female, were studied. Routine median and ulnar sensory and motor nerve conduction studies, median mixed palmar latency, comparative latency techniques median to ulnar (sensory, mixed and motor lumbrical-interossei), median to radial (sensory), and combined sensory index (CSI) were performed in both hands. RESULTS: The upper limits of normality (97.5%) were: median sensory distal latency 3.80 ms (14 cm); median motor distal latency 4.30 ms (8 cm); median palmar latency 2.45 ms (8 cm); lumbrical-interossei latency difference 0.60 ms (8 cm); comparative median to radial 0.95 ms (10 cm); comparative median to ulnar 0.95 ms (14 cm); comparative palmar median to ulnar 0.50 ms (8 cm); and CSI 2.20 ms. Sensory and mixed latencies were measured at peak. CONCLUSION: Our results establish new nerve conduction parameters for mild CTS electrodiagnosis in the elderly and will be helpful to reduce the number of false positive cases in this age.
Keywords : carpal tunnel syndrome; median nerve; nerve conduction studies; normative study; aging.