Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
LANGE, Marcos Christiano et al. Curitiba acute ischemic stroke protocol: a university hospital and EMS initiative in a large Brazilian city. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.69, n.3, pp. 441-445. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2011000400006.
Few healthcare centers in Brazil perform thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe an interinstitutional protocol for the rapid identification and thrombolytic treatment of AIS patients at a public health hospital in a large Brazilian city. METHOD: Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel evaluated 433 patients with possible stroke during a six-month period. After a standard checklist, patients with suspected AIS and symptoms onset of less than two hours were evaluated at our University Hospital (UH). RESULTS: Sixty-five (15%) patients met the checklist criteria and had a symptom onset of less than two hours, but only 50 (11%) patients were evaluated at the UH. Among them, 35 (70%) patients had ischemic stroke, 10 (20%) had hemorrhagic stroke, and 5 (10%) had other diagnoses. Of the 35 ischemic stroke patients, 15 (43%) underwent IV thrombolysis. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that trained EMS workers could help to improve the rate of thrombolytic treatment in large Brazilian cities. Permanent training programs for EMS and hospital staff, with quality control and correct identification of AIS patients, should be implemented to increase appropriate thrombolytic therapy rates in Brazil.
Keywords : acute ischemic stroke; thrombolytic therapy; emergency medical services; stroke therapy; hospital management.