Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
MARTINS, Sergilaine Pereira and DAMASCENO, Benito Pereira. Accuracy of prospective memory tests in mild Alzheimer's disease. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.1, pp. 17-21. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000100005.
OBJECTIVES: To verify the accuracy of prospective memory (ProM) tests in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Twenty mild AD patients (CDR 1), and 20 controls underwent Digit Span (DS), Trail Making (TM) A and B, visual perception, Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning tests, and Cornell Scale for Depression. AD diagnosis was based on DSM-IV and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. ProM was assessed with the appointment and belonging subtests of Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT); and with two new tests (the clock and animal tests). RESULTS: AD patients had a worse performance than controls on the majority of tests, except DS forward and TM-A. There was no correlation between RBMT and the new ProM tests. As for accuracy, the only significant difference concerned the higher sensitivity of our animal test versus the RBMT belonging test. CONCLUSIONS: The clock and the animal tests showed similar specificity, but higher sensitivity than the RBMT subtests.
Keywords : prospective memory; Alzheimer's disease; neuropsychological tests; dementia; aging.