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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
versão impressa ISSN 0004-282X
GAZINI, Carina Caires et al. Quality of sleep and quality of life in adolescents infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.6, pp. 422-427. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000600008.
OBJECTIVES: To assess sleep characteristics of adolescents infected by HIV, and to ascertain whether psychosocial aspects are associated to the quality of sleep. METHODS: A cross-sectional study assessing 102 HIV-infected adolescents of both genders, aged between 10 and 20 years-old and 120 Controls. Data collection was performed by applying the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. RESULTS: A sleep disturbance prevalence of 77.4% was found in patients, and a 75% prevalence in controls, and there was correlation between quality of sleep and of life. HIV-infected adolescents scored higher for sleep breathing disorders and had higher prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness. CONCLUSIONS: HIV-infected adolescents had similar quality of sleep compared to healthy adolescents. This may be explained by the steady improvements in daily living as a result of successful anti-retroviral therapy, and by the vulnerability that affects Brazilian adolescents living in major urban centers.
Palavras-chave : sleep; adolescents; HIV; quality of life; highly active anti-retroviral therapy.