Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
GERMINIANI, Francisco M.B. et al. Tourette's syndrome: from demonic possession and psychoanalysis to the discovery of gene. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.7, pp. 547-549. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000700014.
In this paper we make a brief historical review of the hypothesis concerning the etiology of Tourette's syndrome (TS), focusing on varying trends over time: at first, its presumed relation to witchcraft and demonic possessions, followed by the psychoanalytical theory, which attributed TS to a masturbatory equivalent. Then, progressing to modern time, to the immunological theory and finally the advent of genetics and their role in the etiology of TS.
Keywords : Tourette syndrome; tics; psychoanalysis; genes.