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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
QUADROS, Abrahão Augusto Juviniano et al. Frequency and clinical manifestations of post-poliomyelitis syndrome in a brazilian tertiary care center. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.8, pp.571-573. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000800002.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and clinical manifestations of patients with post-poliomyelitis syndrome (PPS) in a Brazilian division of neuromuscular disorders. METHODS: A total of 167 patients with prior history of paralytic poliomyelitis was investigated for PPS, based on international diagnostic criteria. Other variables analyzed were: gender, race, age at poliomyelitis infection, age at PPS onset, and PPS symptoms. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients presented PPS, corresponding to 77.2% of the studied population. 62.8% were women and 37.2% were men. Mean age of patients with PPS at onset of PPS symptoms was 39.9±9.69 years. Their main clinical manifestations were: new weakness in the previously affected limbs (69%) and in the apparently not affected limbs (31%); joint pain (79.8%); fatigue (77.5%); muscle pain (76%); and cold intolerance (69.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients of our sample presented PPS. In Brazil, PPS frequency and clinical features are quite similar to those of other countries.
Keywords : post-polio syndrome; poliomyelitis; prevalence.