Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
RODRIGUES, Maura Calixto Cecherelli de; MELLO, Rosane Reis de; SILVA, Kátia Silveira da and CARVALHO, Márcia Lazaro de. Risk factors for cognitive impairment in school-age children born preterm: application of a hierarchical model. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.8, pp.583-589. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000800005.
The purpose was to analyze factors associated with cognitive impairment in very low birth weight (VLBW) children born preterm. A prospective cohort of 65 VLBW children was assessed at the age of eight years using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. A model for the relationship of variables with the cognitive impairment outcome attributed hierarchical levels: distal (socioeconomic variables), intermediate I and II (perinatal and neonatal variables, post-neonatal variables) and proximal (child health and psychosocial stimulation). A multivariate logistic regression was performed. In the multivariate hierarchical logistic regression, the maternal education (OR=0.77, 95%CI 0.63-0.94) and number of prenatal visits (OR=0.73, 95%CI 0.54-0.99) showed a protective association, but the male (OR=7.3, 95%CI 1.54-35.3) was associated with worse results. The VLBW children cognitive performance in the age of eight years benefits from more educated mothers, better prenatal care, and the baby gender as female.
Keywords : cognition; child development; risk factors.