Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0004-282X
RESTIFFE, Ana P. and GHERPELLI, José Luiz D.. Differences in walking attainment ages between low-risk preterm and healthy full-term infants. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.8, pp. 593-598. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000800007.
OBJECTIVE: To compare gross motor development of preterm infants (PT) without cerebral palsy with healthy full-term (FT) infants, according to Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS); to compare the age of walking between PT and FT; and whether the age of walking in PT is affected by neonatal variables. METHODS: Prospective study compared monthly 101 PT and 52 FT, from the first visit, until all AIMS items had been observed. Results: Mean scores were similarity in their progression, except from the eighth to tenth months. FT infants were faster in walking attainment than PT. Birth weight and length and duration of neonatal nursery stay were related to walking delay. CONCLUSION: Gross motor development between PT and FT were similar, except from the eighth to tenth months of age. PT walked later than FT infants and predictive variables were birth weight and length, and duration of neonatal intensive unit stay.
Keywords : Alberta Infant Motor Scale; child development; infant; premature; motor activity.