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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

PUCCIONI-SOHLER, Marzia; ROSADAS, Carolina  and  CABRAL-CASTRO, Mauro Jorge. Neurological complications in dengue infection: a review for clinical practice. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2013, vol.71, n.9B, pp.667-671. ISSN 0004-282X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20130147.

Dengue is an important global public health problem. The World Health Organization estimates that 2/5 of entire world population are in risk of dengue infection. Almost 50 millions cases occur annually, with at least 20 thousand deaths. The etiological agent of this acute febrile disease is a single-strand positive-sense RNA virus of Flavivirus genus. It is an arboviral disease transmitted by Aedes sp. mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus). Most infected individuals present asymptomatic infection, but some may develop clinical signs. Therefore, a wide spectrum of illness can be observed, ranging from unapparent, mild disease, called dengue fever, to a severe and occasionally fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome. Currently, neurological manifestations related to dengue infections are increasingly been observed and appears as a challenge for medical practice. In this study the neurological complications of dengue infection will be reviewed, focusing a better understanding of the disease for the clinical practice.

Keywords : dengue; nervous system; diagnosis; dengue; sistema nervoso; diagnóstico.

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