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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

MATAS, Sandro Luiz de Andrade; GLEHN, Felipe von; FERNANDES, Gustavo Bruniera Peres  and  SOARES, Carlos Augusto Senne. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis in the context of CNS demyelinating diseases. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2013, vol.71, n.9B, pp.685-688. ISSN 0004-282X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20130151.

The central nervous system demyelinating diseases are a group of disorders with different etiologies, characterized by inflammatory lesions that are associated with loss of myelin and eventually axonal damage. In this group the most studied ones are multiple sclerosis (MS), neuromyelitis optic (NMO) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). The cerebrospinal fluid is essential to differentiate between these different syndromes and to define multiple sclerosis, helping to assess the probability of Clinical Isolated Syndrome turn into multiple sclerosis.

Keywords : multiple sclerosis; acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; neuromyelitis optic; cerebrospinal fluid; clinical isolated syndrome; demyelinating; esclerose múltipla; encefalomielite aguda disseminada; neuromielite óptica; líquido cefalorraquiano; síndrome clínica isolada; desmielinizante.

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