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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

SILVA, Marcus Tulius T. Viral encephalitis. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2013, vol.71, n.9B, pp.703-709. ISSN 0004-282X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20130155.

While systemic viral infections are exceptionally common, symptomatic viral infections of the brain parenchyma itself are very rare, but a serious neurologic condition. It is estimated that viral encephalitis occurs at a rate of 1.4 cases per 100.000 inhabitants. Geography is a major determinant of encephalitis caused by vector-borne pathogens. A diagnosis of viral encephalitis could be a challenge to the clinician, since almost 70% of viral encephalitis cases are left without an etiologic agent identified. In this review, the most common viral encephalitis will be discussed, with focus on ecology, diagnosis, and clinical management.

Keywords : viral encephalitis; herpes virus; dengue virus; Influenzae; West Nile virus; encefalites virais; herpes vírus; vírus da dengue; Influenzae; vírus do oeste do Nilo.

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