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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227

Abstract

CARVALHO, Otavio Augusto Moreno de. Mansonic neuroschistosomiasis. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2013, vol.71, n.9B, pp.714-716. ISSN 0004-282X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20130157.

Mansonic neuroschistosomiasis (MN) is not only the most common but also the most serious ectopic presentation of the infection by Schistosoma mansoni. Both, brain and spinal cord can be independently affected by the infection, but the later is more frequently affected. Brain MN by itself is due to the presence of eggs and/or adult worms in situ and can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Unlike the brain MN, spinal cord mansonic neuroschistosomiasis is more frequently symptomatic. In both forms the intensity, the seriousness and also the clinical characteristics of signs and symptoms depend on the amount of eggs in the compromised region and on the intensity of the inflammatory reaction surrounding the eggs. Cerebrospinal fluid examination and magnetic resonance imaging are important diagnostic tools. Both corticosteroids and drugs against S. mansoni are used in the treatment. The outcome may largely depend upon the prompt use of these drugs.

Keywords : Schistosoma mansoni; neurological involvement; brain; spinal cord; inflammatory reaction; Schistosoma mansoni; comprometimento neurológico; encéfalo; medula; reação inflamatória.

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