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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Abstract

FINKELSZTEJN, Alessandro; LOPES, Juarez Silva; NOAL, Janaína  and  FINKELSZTEJN, Juliana M.. The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.72, n.2, pp.104-106. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20130216.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the leading causes of neurologic deficits in young adults and can lead to physical, intellectual and emotional problems. Approved treatments are expensive and are among the 10 highest budgets of the Brazilian Health Ministry. Given the diverse prevalence of MS among Brazilian regions, it is important to determine prevalence rates across the country. Seven studies have assessed MS in Brazil and reported rates ranging from 15 cases to 18 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. It has been hypothesized that this rate is even higher in southern Brazil, which has a high proportion of European heritage (mostly German and Italian) immigrants. Here, we report that the prevalence of MS in the city of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, is 27.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants.

Keywords : multiple sclerosis; prevalence; Brazil.

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