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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X


OLIVEIRA, Ecila P. et al. Rolandic epilepsy and dyslexia. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.72, n.11, pp.826-831. ISSN 0004-282X.


Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS.


Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS (group A) and 31 paired children (group B) underwent a language and neuropsychological assessment performed with several standardized protocols. Our findings were categorized as: a) dyslexia; b) other difficulties; c) without difficulties. Our results were compared and statistically analyzed.


Our data showed that dyslexia occurred in 19.4% and other difficulties in 74.2% of our patients. This was highly significant when compared with the control group (p<0.001). Phonological awareness, writing, reading, arithmetic, and memory tests showed a statistically significant difference when comparing both groups.


Our findings show significant evidence of the occurrence of dyslexia in patients with BECTS.

Keywords : epilepsy; rolandic; dyslexia; childhood; BECTS.

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