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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Ecila P. et al. Rolandic epilepsy and dyslexia. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.72, n.11, pp.826-831. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20140141.

Objective

Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS.

Method

Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS (group A) and 31 paired children (group B) underwent a language and neuropsychological assessment performed with several standardized protocols. Our findings were categorized as: a) dyslexia; b) other difficulties; c) without difficulties. Our results were compared and statistically analyzed.

Results

Our data showed that dyslexia occurred in 19.4% and other difficulties in 74.2% of our patients. This was highly significant when compared with the control group (p<0.001). Phonological awareness, writing, reading, arithmetic, and memory tests showed a statistically significant difference when comparing both groups.

Conclusion

Our findings show significant evidence of the occurrence of dyslexia in patients with BECTS.

Keywords : epilepsy; rolandic; dyslexia; childhood; BECTS.

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