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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Abstract

FRAGOSO, Yara Dadalti. Modifiable environmental factors in multiple sclerosis. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.72, n.11, pp.889-894. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20140159.

Potential environmental modifiable factors involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) include low adherence to treatment, smoking, obesity, low levels of liposoluble vitamins A and D, high consumption of salt, and a sedentary lifestyle. Chronic tobacco use, obesity, sedentarism and insufficient levels of these vitamins all contribute to maintenance of a proinflammatory state. It is unlikely that there will be noticeable improvement in the inflammatory condition of MS if stopping smoking, reducing weight, exercising, increasing vitamin levels are done in an isolated and erratic manner. Modification of each and every one of these environmental risk factors is likely to be an important approach in the management of MS. The present review presents the arguments for an association between these hazardous modifiable factors and the chronic inflammatory state observed in MS.

Keywords : multiple sclerosis; smoking; obesity; vitamin D; vitamin A; exercise.

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