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Bragantia

On-line version ISSN 1678-4499

Abstract

ALVAREZ, Raphael et al. Sugarcane breeding: IIª experiments with clones obtained in 1967. Bragantia [online]. 1983, vol.42, n.1, pp. 27-36. ISSN 1678-4499.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87051983000100003.

A lot of sugarcane clones obtained out of a breeding program started in 1967 was tested in a series of experiments. The experiments were carried out at the IAC Experiment Station, at Piracicaba, on a Ortho Dark Red Latosol soil, and in the property of the mills: Santa Elisa (Sertãozinho, Dusky Red Latosol), Itaiquara (Tapiratiba, Humic Red-Yellow Latosol soil) and Catanduva (Ariranha, Podzolized soils on calcareous sandstone, Marilia variation). The field trials started in 1974, and the commercial varieties 'IAC 52-150', 'IAC 52-326', 'IAC 58-480', 'CB. 41-76' and 'NA 56-79' were used as controls, as they represent about 70% of the sugarcane area in the São Paulo State, Brazil. Three harvests were done consecutively in plant cane (18 months), first ratoon (12 months after) and second ratoon (12 months). Statistical analysis were made in a three harvest mean for all experiments. It was found out that clones 67-112, 67-48, 67-145 and 67-122 had a cane yield superior to that of the controls. Clones 67-19, 67-6, 67-14, 67-28, 67-21 and 67-7 were not statistically different from the best control, 'IAC 58-480'. Clone 67-139 had a sugar content superior to the all the other treatments. On the other hand, clone 67-55 had a sugar content similar to that of the three best controls. In sugar yield, clone 67-112 was superior to all the other treatments, except 67-122. This one, as well as clones 67-48, 67-12, 67-47 and 67-145 were not different from the three best controls. Clones 67-12, 67-47, 67-48, 67-55, 67-112, 67-122 and 67-139 were considered as new varieties, receiving the prefix IAC.

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