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SOUSA, Cristina Soares de et al. Genetics divergence among lettuce genotypes by AFLP markers. Bragantia [online]. 2007, vol.66, n.1, pp.11-16. ISSN 0006-8705. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052007000100002.
Considering the restricted diversity of species available to counteract vitamin deficiencies in Brazil, Kerr and coworkers have been engaged since 1981, in developing genetic improved garden vegetables rich in vitamin A. One of these vegetables is the lettuce cultivar Uberlândia 10,000, which contains 10,200 UI of vitamin A per 100 grams of fresh leaves. This study compares the genetic diversity between Uberlândia 10,000 and its parental, evaluating selection efficiency through the AFLP technique. The following lettuce genotypes were used for this comparison: Maioba, Salad Bowl-Mimosa, Moreninha-de-Uberlândia, Vitória de Santo Antão, smooth 8th and 9th generation Uberlândia 10,000, and crinkly 8th and 9th generation Uberlândia 10,000 cultivars. The AFLP technique was effective for identifying very close genotypes and for studying lettuce progenies. The primer PR15 enabled the separation of smooth and crinkly types down to 1.8% of genetic diversity and the 8th and 9th generations down to only 0.71% of diversity. Phylogenetic study of the cultivar confirmed the success of the breeding program, with the Uberlândia 10,000 cultivar revealing high vitamin A content and 92% of similarity with the parental Vitória de Santo Antão. The primer PR11 allowed the identification of polymorphism between cultivars with high and low resistance to septoriosis, suggesting that these bands may be resistance-related.
Keywords : genetic divergence; AFLP; lettuce.