On-line version ISSN 1678-4499
VIANA, José Marcelo Soriano. Heterosis and combining ability analyses from the partial diallel. Bragantia [online]. 2007, vol.66, n.1, pp.641-647. ISSN 1678-4499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052007000100007.
This study discusses from the theoretical standpoint the analyses of heterosis and combining ability from the partial diallel. Aiming at to investigate the information provided by the genetic parameters, simulation studies were realized. The genetic model adjusted considered one gene, groups of six populations, three degrees of dominance (|d/a| equal to 0.5, 1 and 2, representing partial, complete and overdominance) and random allelic frequencies. For each degree of dominance 50 replications were performed. The model for heterosis analysis does not need to be restricted. The unrestricted model gives the same information as the restricted one. The model for combining ability is restricted. The restrictions of the partial-G2 model of GERALDI and MIRANDA-FILHO do not satisfy the parametric values of the specific combining ability effects. As in the complete diallel analysis, from the theoretical point of view there is no differences between the analysis of heterosis and combining ability. The analysis of differences in gene frequencies among the populations of the two groups is more efficient when it considers the heterosis and not the specific heterosis - or the specific heterosis effects or the effects of specific combining ability - mainly for genes whose frequencies are contrasting in the groups.
Keywords : average heterosis; variety heterosis; specific heterosis; general combining ability; specific combining ability.