versão impressa ISSN 0006-8705
FREITAS, Ana Dolores Santiago de et al. Characterization of isolated rhizobia from Pachyrhyzus erosus L. cultivated in saline soil of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Bragantia [online]. 2007, vol.66, n.3, pp. 497-504. ISSN 0006-8705. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052007000300017.
Investigation on microbiological biodiversity in the saline soils involves searching for tolerant genotypes to this type of emvironmental stress. Genotypic data associated to morphologic, physiological and biochemical characteristics of bacteria provide important information regarding its identification and clusters. The objective of this work was to characterize indigenous rhizobial strains of saline soils in the Wasteland and Hinterland of Pernambuco State, using yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban) as plant-tramp. Assays had been performed in YMA media and the observed cultivation characteristics of twenty-four isolates had been: change of pH, time of growth, transparency, form, edge, production of exopolysaccharides of the colonies and resistance to salinity. DNA amplification by the PCR technique of the repetitive sequence BOX indicated a high level of genetic and fenotipic diversity between the thirteen indigenous isolates. Comparing cultivation and genetic characteristics of these isolates with nineteen reference strains, indicated that isolates NFB746 and NFB747 had presented high similarity between then and also with the Rhizobium sp. NGR234 (BR2406) and Mesorhizobium ciceri USDA3383 (BR521).The isolated NFB742 possibly belongs to of the same species of the M. ciceri BR521. In relation to the isolated NFB741, the similarity with the Rhizobium tropici IIA CFN299T (BR10016) and Sinorhizobium terangue USDA4894 (BR527) was of 87%. All others isolates had clustered in comparative independent groups when comared to reference lineages. These results are important for diagnosis of new species of native rhizobia in areas where the use of FBN can improve and rehabilitate saline soil using the rizobia-leguminous interaction.
Palavras-chave : biological nitrogen fixation; genetic markers; geneticsand cultivation characteristics.