versão impressa ISSN 0006-8705
CRUSCIOL, Carlos Alexandre Costa; MORO, Edemar; LIMA, Eduardo do Valle e ANDREOTTI, Marcelo. Decomposition rate and nutrient release of oat straw used as mulching in no-till system. Bragantia [online]. 2008, vol.67, n.2, pp. 481-489. ISSN 0006-8705. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052008000200024.
Plant residues left on soil surface in no-tillage systems are an important source of nutrients for the following crops, particularly under tropical climate, in which high residue decomposition rates shorten their persistence. The objective of this research work was to evaluate black oat decomposition and release of nutrients. The experiment was carried out during the 1998 cropping season in an experimental area located in Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná State, Brazil. A randomized block design with four replications was used. The cover crop was rolled over thirty days after emergence. Persistence and release of nutrients were evaluated at 0, 13, 35 and, 53 days after rolling and desiccation. Decompositon rate of oat residue was constant during this period (remaining 34% of the initial amount) and inversely proportional to the C/N ration that showed an initial value of 34 and a final value of 50. Most K was released soon after oat management, remaining only 2% of the initial content in the last sampling time. N, P, Ca and S were gradually released, and in the last evaluation the remaining amount of these nutrients was 55%, 42%, 48%, and 47% of the total accumulated amount, respectively. Compared to other plant nutrients, K followed by N were the nutrients available in higher amount in the soil, reaching maximum release speed between 10 and 20 days after rolling and dessication of black oat.
Palavras-chave : Avena strigosa; plant residue; phytomass degradation; nutrient cycling.