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Bragantia

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Abstract

HAGEMANN, Thaís Raquel et al. Effect of extracts from the above-ground part of oat genotypes on ryegrass and wild poinsettia. Bragantia [online]. 2010, vol.69, n.3, pp. 509-518. ISSN 0006-8705.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052010000300001.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of aqueous extracts from five common oat (Avena sativa L.) and four black oat (Avena strigosa Schreb) cultivars, at concentrations of 0, 25, 50, and 100%, on the germination and development of ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and wild poinsettia (Euphorbia heterophylla L.) plantlets. A completely randomized design was adopted, distributed as a triple factorial arrangement (oat genotypes × weeds × concentrations). The experiment consisted of Petri dishes containing 25 weed seeds moistened with extract from the above-ground part of the oat genotypes. The following variables were observed: germination percentage, radicle length, and hypocotyl length, evaluated at 14 days after the experiment was installed. The aqueous extracts from common oat and black oat cultivars showed allelopathic potential on the germination and development of the weeds tested. Common oat genotypes 'IPR 126', 'UTF Iguaçu', and 'Fundacep FAPA 43', and black oat genotypes 'UPFA 21 Moreninha' and 'UTG 9715' were the most effective to inhibit ryegrass and wild poinsettia germination and development.

Keywords : Avena sativa L.; Avena strigosa Schreb; Lolium multiflorum Lam; Euphorbia heterophylla L.

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