Print version ISSN 0006-8705
TIMOTEO, Tathiana Silva et al. Priming, seed quality and flowering synchronism in a seed production field of the maize hybrid gnz 2004. Bragantia [online]. 2010, vol.69, n.3, pp. 719-726. ISSN 0006-8705. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052010000300025.
In order to evaluate the effect of priming and physiological seed quality on maize flowering aiming the production of hybrid seeds, the following experimental procedure was carried out. Seed lots with distinct physiological quality of two lines were used. Part of each seed lot obtained was primed in water for 24 hours on a total of four treatments, which were evaluated in the presence and absence of the recommended split. In the experimental field, each plot was composed of six lines of four meters each, following the experimental design which consisted of a randomized complete block in four replications. The following variables were measured: percentage of field emergence, plant height, dates when 50% and 100% of pollen release and the emission of "stigma-style" occurred; moreover the date of no pollen release of male parent and receptivity of "stigma-style" towards the female parent and the date when the seeds were at stage ML 3 of development. When high quality seeds and no priming were used, it was not necessary to use the split. The same happened to high quality non-primed seeds of the later parent associated with low quality and primed seeds of the earlier parent. It was also observed that the difference in flowering date between the parents extended until the date of ML 3.
Keywords : Zea mays; flowering; priming; quality.