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Print version ISSN 0006-8705
STRECK, Nereu Augusto et al. Minimum temperature over short grass in Santa Maria, RS: climatology, interannual variability, and historical trend. Bragantia [online]. 2011, vol.70, n.3, pp.696-702. ISSN 0006-8705. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052011000300028.
The objective of this study was to calculate the descriptive statistics to characterize the climatology of minimum air temperature at 5 cm over short grass (Tmr) in Santa Maria, RS. A further objective was to associate the interannual variability of Tmr with the ENSO phenomenon and also to verify if there is a trend in the historical series for this meteorological variable. Data used in this study were daily minimum air temperature over short grass measured at the Meteorological Station in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil (29º43'S, 53º43'W and altitude of 95 m) from 1st May 1970 to 31 December 2009. Years were grouped in El Niño, La Niña, and Neutral years, from 1st July to 30 June. Mean monthly minimum air temperature varied from 6.9 ºC in July to 17.3 ºC in January, with the lowest value of -8.4 ºC in June and the highest value of 28.6 ºC in October. There is an ENSO signal on the minimum air temperature over short grass during the months of Fall, Winter and Spring. Minimum air temperature is greater during El Niño, lower during La Niña and intermediate in Neutral years. There was increase in grass minimum temperature during the 1970-2009 period in April, June, October, November and December, with increased trends starting mainly in the 80´s. Non-significant climatic trends were detected in the other months.
Keywords : El Niño; La Niña; climate variability; climate change; minima trend.