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versão On-line ISSN 1678-4588
FERRAZ, Alexandre Sampaio. Privatization and the decision-making process. Dados [online]. 2009, vol.52, n.2, pp. 425-469. ISSN 1678-4588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0011-52582009000200005.
This article examines the political determinants of privatization of the fixed telephony sector in four countries, based on a neo-institutionalist approach. These countries faced similar pressures by telephone companies in favor of privatization, suggesting an apparent convergence in the sector's reorganization. However, although all four adopted some degree of privatization, the process followed different paths and designs in each country. This variation can be explained by the different institutional contexts in which the reforms were carried out. Where there was concentration of power in the Executive, privatization was launched "earlier" and approved more quickly than in countries in which such concentration waslessintense. Meanwhile, the existence of multiple veto points and stakeholders with veto power did not impede the reform, but increased the cost of its unilateral adoption by the Executive, forcing the latter to negotiate and form a minimum consensus within the governing coalition.
Palavras-chave : privatization; neo-institutionalism; decision-making process; Executive [Legislative relations].