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Abstract

LIMONGI, Fernando. Elections and democracy in Brazil: Victor Nunes Leal and the 1945 transition. Dados [online]. 2012, vol.55, n.1, pp. 37-69. ISSN 0011-5258.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0011-52582012000100002.

This article discusses the necessary conditions for a democratic government to prevail, with the study Coronelismo: the Municipality and Representative Government in Brazil as the point of departure. The article seeks to identify the book's causal explanations for the emergence of democracy, and more precisely for regimes in which governments lose elections. Why were elections not truly competitive over the course of the Empire and the First Republic? Why did they change after the fall of the Estado Novo? Nunes Leal was one of the few Brazilian authors to explicitly tackle this challenge.

Keywords : elections; democratization; political competition.

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