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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
MARTINS, Guilherme M. et al. Color vision in school-age children: evalution a new test. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2001, vol.77, n.4, pp. 327-330. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572001000400016.
OBJECTIVE: To compare standard color vision test results (Ishihara test) with a new test developed by the authors ("crayon" test) for the detection of congenital dyschromatopsia. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 712 children from three public schools and one private school in the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul. Children with learning disabilities, or systemic and ocular diseases were excluded from this random sample. Two color vision tests, Ishihara test (short version with 14 plates) and crayon test (developed by the authors) were sequentially applied. Each test was applied by different evaluators and analyzed by a third evaluator. RESULTS: The crayon test showed a specificity of 100% (99.3-100%) and sensitivity of 38.5% (15.1-67.7%) when compared to Ishihara test. The prevalence of congenital dyschromatopsia in this population sample was 2.6% for male children, and 0.9% for female children. CONCLUSIONS: The crayon test results showed greater specificity than Ishihara test in the studied group; however, sensitivity was not adequate for a screening test. It is necessary to improve the sensitivity so that congenital dyschromatopsia can be detected by the crayon test.
Keywords : color vision test; dyschromatopsia; Ishihara test; school childrens health.