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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
ESTEVES, Edward et al. Applications of videolaparoscopic surgery in children. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2001, vol.77, n.5, pp. 407-412. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572001000500012.
OBJECTIVES: to present the videolaparoscopies performed by the Children's Surgery Service, and study the main indications for pediatric laparoscopic surgeries, considering advantages and disadvantages over conventional open procedures. METHODS: retrospective analysis of 612 videolaparoscopies in children aged between 8 days and 17 years treated from November/95 to 2000. Basic principles of videolaparoscopy and the postoperative management of several pediatric diseases are described. The results, advantages, and complications were analyzed after a 5-year follow-up period. RESULTS:laparoscopic surgery allowed for a wide series of abdominal procedures conventionally carried out through open surgery, mainly for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, inflammatory acute abdomen, adhesive intestinal obstruction, biliary lithiasis, tumors, cryptorchidism, ovarian diseases, splenectomies, aganglionosis, trauma and others. Morbidity was low (1%), and mortality due to laparoscopy was nonexistent. Conversion to laparotomy occurred in only 14 cases (2.3%), mainly because of trauma. The principal advantages included minimal surgical trauma, pain and reflex ileum, short hospital stay, almost no incisional hernias and better cosmetic scars. CONCLUSIONS: videolaparoscopy seems to be a great advance in modern pediatric surgery, allowing safer and less invasive treatment of a wide series of abdominal diseases at all pediatric ages.
Keywords : pediatric surgery; videolaparoscopy; gastroesophageal reflux; acute abdomen; trauma.