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Jornal de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0021-7557On-line version ISSN 1678-4782


SILVA, Carlos H.M. da et al. Sensorineural hearing loss associated to Kawasaki disease. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2002, vol.78, n.1, pp.71-74. ISSN 0021-7557.

Objective: Kawasaki disease is a systemic idiopathic self-limited vasculitis of small and medium-sized vessels. Thirteen cases of sensorineural hearing loss during the evolution of this disease have been described in the literature. We describe a case of an infant with Kawasaki disease who developed sensorineural hearing loss during the acute phase. This case report shows a complication of Kawasaki disease, with few citations in literature, enhancing the importance of careful evaluation of these patients.Description: nineteen-month-old-boy, formerly healthy, with persistent daily fever seven days before admission, associated with irritability, bilateral nonexudative conjunctivitis and maculopapular erythema on his trunk. There was later development of arthritis on wrists, elbows, knees, and ankles, and swelling associated with desquamation of hands and feet, which prevented him from walking. The diagnosis of Kawasaki disease was established according to the American Heart Association's criteria, and the child was conventionally treated. There was regression of clinical manifestations three days after the beginning of treatment. However, one month after the onset of symptoms, the family noticed an unsatisfactory response to sound stimuli. The evaluation of auditory acuity through BERA (Brainstem Evoked Responses Audiometry) revealed severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.Comments: routine examination of auditory acuity in children with Kawasaki disease may help identify sensorineural hearing loss at an early stage.

Keywords : vasculitis; mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome; sensorineural hearing loss.

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