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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
NEIVA, Flávia Cristina Brisque; CATTONI, Débora Martins; RAMOS, José Lauro de Araújo and ISSLER, Hugo. Early weaning: implications to oral motor development. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2003, vol.79, n.1, pp. 7-12. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572003000100004.
Objective: this article aims at reviewing the relationship between early weaning and its consequences to oral motor development, focusing on the consequences to occlusion, breathing and children's oral motor aspects. Sources: a literature review based on Medline database from the early 60's up to 2001 was performed taking into consideration the following topics: pediatrics, dentistry and speech language pathology. Summary of the findings: based on this review of literature, we could verified that early weaning may lead to a proper oral motor development rupture, which may cause negative consequences to swallowing, breathing and speaking activities as well as malocclusion, oral breathing and oral motor disorders. Conclusions: in addition to several benefits of breastfeeding, it contributes to a proper oral motor development and also avoids speech-language disorders, regarding oral motor system.
Keywords : early weaning; breastfeeding; oral motor development; sucking; malocclusion; oral breathing.