Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
BOLZAN, Andrés and PELETEIRO, Rafael. Smoking during early adolescence: a study in schoolchildren from Argentina. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2003, vol.79, n.5, pp. 461-466. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572003000500015.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of smoking among pre-teenagers (11 and 12 years of age) and to identify risk factors for smoking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2,386 schoolchildren from 19 schools in Argentina. A structured, self-completed and anonymous questionnaire was employed. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking was 15.1%, ranging from 7.9% in the 7th grade to 23.9% in the 9th grade. The mean age at the start of smoking was 11.7 years. Peer and family pressure were statistically significant risk factors for initiating the habit. CONCLUSION: These findings support the recommendation to begin smoking prevention programs before early adolescence.
Keywords : Smoking; adolescence; risk factors.