Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
CAMPOS, Lúcia M. A.; LIPHAUS, Bernadete L.; SILVA, Clóvis A. A. and PEREIRA, Rosa M. R.. Osteoporosis in childhood and adolescence. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2003, vol.79, n.6, pp. 481-488. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572003000600005.
OBJECTIVE: To review recent data concerning osteoporosis and osteopenia in childhood and adolescence, focusing on diagnosis, prevention and treatment. SOURCES OF DATA: Literature review of Medline and Lilacs databases (1992 to 2002). SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Childhood osteoporosis is defined and classified. Imaging and laboratory diagnostic techniques are emphasized, as well as prevention and drug treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatricians should identify the risk factors for osteoporosis and guide patients in terms of its prevention and treatment.
Keywords : Osteoporosis; children; adolescents.