Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
LAGO, Patrícia M. et al. Analgesia and sedation in emergency situations and in the pediatric intensive care unit. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2003, vol.79, suppl.2, pp. S223-S230. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572003000800012.
OBJECTIVE: To review the current strategies for use of sedatives and analgesics in emergency rooms and intensive care units. SOURCES OF DATA: Original data from our emergency rooms and intensive care units; Medline literature review focused on sedatives and analgesic drugs; textbooks. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Despite the advances in understanding pain in children, in many critical care units the misguided treatment of pain and anxiety still results in significant morbidity. Difficulties in communication, invasive procedures and the belief that children do not have sufficient neurologic development to process noxious sensations are still a challenge in intensive care units CONCLUSIONS: The last decade was marked by significant advances in understanding pediatric pain. Treating intensive care unit-related pain and anxiety has clear benefits which may influence the course of disease.
Keywords : Sedatives; analgesics; invasive procedures; intensive care unit.