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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
ROCHA, Gibsi P.; BATISTA, Bianca H. and NUNES, Magda L.. Use of psychoactive and antiepileptic drugs: guidelines for pediatricians. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2004, vol.80, n.2, suppl., pp. 45-55. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572004000300007.
OBJECTIVE: To review the guidelines for the use of psychoactive and antiepileptic drugs in childhood and adolescence. SOURCES OF DATA: Literature review. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: The clinical indications, dosage and side effects of psychoactive and antiepileptic drugs are presented. The use of psychoactive drugs is increasing due to the release of new drugs and to the better understanding of emotional disorders in children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The use of antiepileptic and psychoactive drugs in childhood requires extensive knowledge concerning pharmacokinetics and deleterious side effects. An adequate choice of drugs is essential to ensure a successful treatment.
Keywords : Psychoactive drugs; antiepileptic drugs; epilepsy; psychiatric diseases; childhood; adolescence; psychopharmacology.