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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
ROHDE, Luis A. and HALPERN, Ricardo. Recent advances on attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2004, vol.80, n.2, suppl., pp. 61-70. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572004000300009.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the main aspects of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, including history, epidemiology, etiology, neurobiology, clinical features, comorbidities, diagnosis, outcome and treatment. SOURCES OF DATA: Comprehensive, non-systematic review of the literature on attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder has a neurobiological basis, and is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. Treatment is very efficacious, including the use of medication in most the cases. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatricians are in a privileged position to detect this disorder early and to start the initial management of less severe cases and of those not complicated by extensive comorbidities.
Keywords : Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; hyperkinetic disorder; ADHD.